Community Card Poker
Community card poker games, also known as flop games, use a combination of hole cards (dealt to individual players) and community cards, which are dealt face up on the table and shared by all the players. These are combined in accordance with the rules of the specific variant of community card poker being played.
Once the hole cards have been dealt the first round of betting takes place.
The dealt community cards are known as the board. The first three are dealt together and are known as the flop. A round of betting follows, with the fourth and fifth board cards being known as the turn and the river respectively. They are dealt with their own rounds of bets.
Community card games are normally very positional, as each betting round starts with the player to the left of the dealer or big blind.
Texas Hold’em, which originated at some stage in the 1920s, is currently the most popular form of poker in the world today, almost totally eclipsing the previous favourite, seven-card stud.
Players receive two hole cards that they match with any combination of the five community cards, or board.
Texas Hold’em has enjoyed a huge rise in popularity in the early stages of the 21st Century, thanks to massive exposure on television, the Internet and popular literature.
Because each player only holds two cards in this variant, with the rest being shared, Texas Hold’em offers the perfect game structure for strategic and mathematical analysis.
The other major community card poker variant, Omaha Hold’em, is often simply called Omaha. This flop game differs from Texas Hold’em in that each player is dealt four hole cards instead of two and must make the best possible hand from exactly two of them and three of the five community cards.