In stud poker, players are dealt five or more cards each, depending on the variant. Some of these cards are dealt face up and some face down.
There are two main differences between stud and draw poker. In stud poker, players cannot replace cards in their hand, while part of the hand is exposed in stud, as opposed to draw, where the entire hand is hidden.
Stud poker is non-positional, with the first person to bet in each round changing from round to round.
This, the earliest form of stud poker, emerged during the American Civil War and quickly gained in popularity. Today, however, its popularity has declined, epitomised by the fact that there are no five-card stud events at the World Series of Poker.
Five-card and seven-card stud form the basis of modern variations in stud poker, although Seven-card stud has become the more common variant.
Until the rise to dominance of Texas Hold’em at the turn of the 21st Century, seven-card stud was the most popular home poker variant in America, as well as in casinos in the eastern states.
Seven-card stud is the ‘S’ game in H.O.R.S.E.
Razz is a type of stud poker in which the object is for a player to make the lowest five-card hand possible from the seven cards he or she is dealt.
The best possible hand in Razz is 5 high – 5432A – also known as “the wheel” or “the bicycle”.
The ‘R’ game in H.O.R.S.E, there has been a Razz event at the World Series of Poker since 1973. Although it draws relatively small numbers compared to other events, the Razz tournament was televised on ESPN in 2004.